THE LIFE AND CHESS OF PAUL MORPHY                                                                                                                                                                                        AUGUSTUS MONGREDIEN


Augustus Mongredien (1807-1888) was political economist and a  writer on miscellaneous political and botanical topics. He born in London, but his father, Adrien Mongredien , emigrated with his family from Saint Nicolas D'Attez, Normandy, France in 1802 for political reasons. Augustus had a wife, Jannette Anne and two daughters, Jannette and Adele and resided at 15 Park Road Villa, Lewisham, Kent.

Some of his writings include the following books:

Trees and Shrubs for English Plantations: a selection and description of the most ornamental trees and shrubs, native and foreign, which will flourish in the open air in our climate - with illustrations  - published in 1870.

England's Foreign Policy; an enquiry as to whether we should continue a Policy of Intervention, etc  - published in 1871

Wealth Creation - n.d.

and pamphlets,  including: The Western Farmer of America - 1886;  The French Corn Laws - 1888;  Pleas for Protection Examined - 1888; Free Trade and English Commerce etc - n.d. probably 1880's.

He contributed to a study, along with many famous people including Mark Twain, on the effects of narcotics and stimulants. Here is his contribution:


I am 75 years of age. I have smoked moderately all my life; and for the last fifty years have never, except in rare and short instances of illness, retired to bed without one tumbler of whiskey toddy. You will therefore see that I am utterly incompetent to pronounce on the respective effects, on the mind and body, of moderate indulgence, and of total abstinence, for I have never tried the latter.
The study concludes with this statement:
A. MONGREDIEN - March 10, 1882.

[A more successful illustration of the "harmlessness" of stimulants is supplied in Mr. Augustus Mongredien, well-known as an able expositor of the principles of Free Trade. He is now 75 years of age, and has smoked moderately all his life, and for the last fifty years has never, except in rare and short instances of illness, retired to bed without one tumbler of whiskey-toddy. But this is an exceptional case of longevity. All the evidence favours the opinion that tobacco, like alcohol, shortens life.]


Mongredien joined the London Chess Club in 1835 and was elected president of the club in 1839, even though at the time he lived in Liverpool, and retained the position until 1870 when the club ceased to exist. He became a member of the famous Cobden Club which is still in existence. According to it's website, the Cobden Club  was "named after Richard Cobden (the famous philanthropist and Member of Parliament renowned for his part in the repeal of the Corn Laws), the Club was built in the 1870s as a venue to promote art and entertainment for the working man." The gentleman's club featured a restaurant, tavern, reading and games rooms.

Mongredien, along with Preti and Riviere seemed to have been on particularly friendly terms with Morphy.


Not a great player, Augustus Mongredien, was a strong player who managed to draw many games against the best.