The 1902 International Chess
Tournament of Monte Carlo
Let the games begin...
CHESS AT MONTE CARLO
Pillsbury Unexpectedly Beaten by
Maroczy in First Round of Masters'
(special to Eagle)
Monte Carlo. February 3 -- The twenty chess
masters who participated in the opening of the international congress here
yesterday presented themselves at the Cercle des Etrangers at 9
o'clock this morning, prepared to begin hostilities in the tournament
arranged for their benefit.
No time was lost with preliminaries and manager De Rivière at once
proceeded with the drawing of the pairing by which the masters were to be
matches in the first round to-day.
The result was that the sixteenth pairing of the Berger schedule
was selected, bringing Pillsbury, the American champion, together with
Maroczy, champion of Hungary. Marshall faced Albin of Paris and Napier the
youngest player of them all, met Eisenberg, the Russian, who, like Napier,
is making his international debut. The complete pairing follows:
Sixteenth round = Mason vs.
Blackburne, Tschigorin vs. Tarrasch,
Maroczy vs. Pillsbury, Marshall vs. Albin, Wolf vs.
Reggio, Mieses vs.
Mortimer, Schlechter vs. Teichmann, Janowski vs.
Gunsberg, Popiel vs.
Marco, Napier vs. Eisenberg and Scheve vs. Taubenhaus.
When the adjournment was taken at 1 o'clock this afternoon, only two
games had been brought to a conclusion. Pillsbury lost to Maroczy, greatly
to everyone's surprise, while Janowski obtained a verdict over Gunsberg of
London. The American champion was in anything but his best form and played
somewhat listlessly. Maroczy quickly got the upper hand and, exerting a
steady pressure on his opponent's position, scored first blood in good
shape. Janowski, champion of France, outplayed Gunsberg from the start and
Among other games, Napier, who conducted a scientific game all
through the session, is considered to have much the better of it and will
probably win out during the afternoon. Wolf has the call on Reggio. The
remaining contests were adjoined in even positions.
Brooklyn Eagle, February 3, 1902
FIRST WEEK OF CHESS
AT MONTE CARLO
Janowski of France Leads the Experts
Marshall a Close Second
BROOKLYN MASTER THE STAR
His defeat of Three Froeign Champions
and Poor Start of Tarrasch
(Special to the Eagle)
Monte Carlo, Mon. February 8 - The first week of international chess
ended here this afternoon. It has been fraught with great interest
throughout and there has been no lack of excitement. Startling
surprises occurred in the very first round and unlooked for upsets
have been of almost daily occurrence.
Not all the favorites are to-day where their friends expected they
would find them. Notably is the case of Tarrasch of Nuremberg. No
chess master enjoys a more general respect and admiration. Not until
to-day, however, when he played his second game with Gunsberg, in
consequence of the draw with that player on Thursday, was the winner
of the great Vienna tourney able to notch a victory.
The games played by Tarrasch in the first, second and fourth rounds
were all lost to Tschigorin, Marshall and Janowski respectively.
Tarrasch, however, has started this badly before and has emerged
dangerously close to the leader in the end. The week's practice,
after a long absence from the international arena, has made a new
man of him, as Gunsberg now knows to his cost.
Pillsbury is another popular idol who has failed to come up to
expectations. He, too, will be heard from later on, and those who
met him in the first four rounds may account themselves fortunate.
It was not so much a shock to find him succumb to Maroczy on the
opening day, for the Hungarian champion is distinctly in the
Yankee's class. Pillsbury has never had much success in the past
against this noted master.
Since Monday the American champion has picked up a bit and winds up
the week with a plus score. He drew with Wolf in the second round
and won the second game with that player on the following day. On
Thursday Teichmann forced him to an even score and the second game
has yet to be played. In the fourth round Pillsbury succeeded in
The hero of the week is Frank J. Marshall, the youthful Brooklyn
master, whose intrepid play at Paris, two years ago, completely
upset all calculations and made him a figure in the chess world.
Marshall enjoys the distinction of defeating, in a first encounter
in international competition, such men as Lasker and Pillsbury, who
went down before him at Paris and Tarrasch, the recognized head of
German chess, who yielded to the Brooklynite on Tuesday. Tschigorin
of Russia, encountered by Marshall at Paris, here, a year ago, and
again this week, has yet to win a game from him.
| No less a
feat than defeating Tarrasch and Tschigorin, was the lowering of the
colors of Carl Schlechter. The Austrian, who kept Pillsbury from
first honors at Munich, is an undaunted fighter, with a defense most
difficult to wear down.
It surprised no one, on the other hand, to see Marshall bowled over
by the weakest of the quartet he was called to meet, namely Albin,
the Viennese, now hailing form Paris. The latter drew with him on
Monday and on Wednesday tallied an additional half point at his
Thus the close of the week finds Marshall with the second highest
total of victories. Considering the makeup of the total, it is
considerably better that the three straight games of Mieses, who won
from Albin, Mortimer and Wolf.
Janowski, winner of the first tournament held in the Riviera, seems
bent on duplicating his performance of a year ago for he has
survived the week without a defeat, drawing twice with Maroczy. His
victims were Gunsberg, Mortimer and Tarrasch. His meeting with
Marshall is awaited with uncommon interest. Maroczy's score was
compiled by defeats of Pillsbury and Scheve and the two draws with
Napier, the other member of the American trio and former champion of
the Brooklyn Chess Club, has shown that he finds the company
congenial and not at all too fast. His book knowledge and
appreciation of combination play appear second to none. His
qualities as a stayer have yet to be more fully developed. His
record to date of winning from Eisenberg, losing to Gunsberg, after
obtaining a superior game, drawing with and then losing to Mason,
and finally drawing with Albin is one he has no reason to be ashamed
This being the bye day, the time was devoted to replaying of all
drawn contests not hitherto disposed of. These consisted of the
adjourned second game between Teichmann and Schlechter from
Wednesday, reported this morning as a draw, and games between
Gunsberg and Tarrasch, Napier and Mason, Janowski and Maroczy and
Reggio and Scheve.
As indicated in the earlier dispatch, Tarrasch had the call against
Gunsberg and won in due course of time. Mason, too, held to his
advantage over Napier, and , though the latter resisted manfully,
the day could not be saved. Janowski and Maroczy drew a second time,
as did Reggio and Scheve.
There remains pending, to be played off on Wednesday, the games
drawn between Pillsbury and Teichmann in the third round and between
Albin and Napier in the fourth.
The fifth regular round will begin early Monday morning, The records
of the competitors up to to-night are as follows:
Brooklyn Eagle, February 9, 1902
The first 140 games for the 1902 Monte Carlo
tournament were published by G. Marco in his Weiner
Schnachzeitung periodical between 1902 and 1908.
The tournament book, published by The Chess Player
in 1997, states clearly that
Marco had all of the game scores, but no trace of
these has been found. After Marco's death in 1923, his books were sold at
two auctions in Vienna, but there was no mention of
manuscripts or the missing game scores. Many of the last 95 games were
found in various newspapers of the day and were included in the tournament
In the May 1952 issue of Chess Review Hans Kmoch and Fred Reinfeld
wrote an article "Tall Tales of
The connoisseurs will take
Marshall's exploitation of the missing pipe cleaner as nothing short of
Marshall vs Burn, 1900 ]. But we are by no means finished with the
problems raised by tobacco. You can also chew it, as did James Mason , the
Irish master who lived in this country for several years and won the
Fourth American Chess Congress at Philadelphia, 1876.
Though his other successes were only moderate, Mason was a player
of considerable gifts. (Unfortunately, abstemiousness was not one of them)
Emanuel Lasker had a high opinion of Mason. When analyzing a position,
Lasker would say, half-jocularly, half-seriously: "Now what would Mason do
in this position?" On this point, as on so many others, David Janowski was
in furious disagreement with Lasker. It was beyond Janowski's
understanding how a civilized man could chew tobacco, and he consequently
considered Mason an outcast. Janowski might have been more tolerant if the
"outcast" had not beaten him consistently. Janowski was choleric enough at
the best of times, but a beating from Mason made him frantic - to the
amusement of others besides Mason.
One of the most remarkable of these encounters was the game which
Mason won from him at Monte
Carlo, 1902. Mason was in a hurry to leave and had to retire from the
tournament before it was finished. as he was in poor health - he died
three years later - a forfeit or two was a matter of indifference to him.
But one of his un-played games was with Janowski, and he hated to forfeit
a sure point. He made no bones about it: "I can't leave the tournament
before beating Mr. Janowski."
Janowski was not the man to skulk away from a challenge. He
considered himself the strongest player of all time - and unlike some
others who have made the same claim - was always ready to take on anyone.
Burning with eagerness to beat Mason, he agreed to play him out of turn.
He promised everyone that he would trounce Mason just as easily as he
always had - pardon! - would have done previously if some absolutely
incredible things hadn't happened. Ma parole! (I give you my word.)
Nobody took this too seriously , especially as Janowski, who was no
Frenchman, pronounced it Ma paroy.
To make Janowski more disconsolate, Mason received the First
Brilliancy Prize for this game and then
defeated him again a few months later in the tournament at Hanover
[Janowski vs J Mason, 1902] - and that, despite the fact that Janowski
won the tournament ahead of Pillsbury, Marshall, Chigorin and Mieses,
One of the main features, and possibly biggest
drawback, in this and the other Monte Carlo tournaments was how the draws
were handled. Draws had to be re-played, not only affecting how they were
scored, but adding more games to an already difficult schedule. This
particularly affected the weaker players, but it didn't spare the better
Tim Harding, in his article
Chess in 1902, wrote :
Pillsbury ... had to settle for
second prize by the smallest possible margin, a quarter of a point, behind
the Hungarian Geza Maroczy. The quarter of a point arose because of the
system of scoring draws. These were replayed, as in many former
tournaments, but with the difference that the first game was scored ¼-¼
with the second game deciding the second half point.
This made for a tough schedule if you had several draws. However,
as the event was spread over five weeks this was perhaps not too arduous.
With 20 players, there were 19 rounds but one of the back-markers, L.
Eisenberg, had to play 23 games. With a draw and then a loss against
Marshall, Eisenberg would have scored ¼-pt and Marshall ¾-pt under the
rules of the event. In all, Eisenberg had four first-round draws of which
he lost three replays (for ¼-pt apiece) and won one replay (for ¾-pt), and
his total score for these four mini-matches was 1½ points. He scored 3/15
in the matches that were concluded by the first game.
Tournament winner Geza Maroczy (Hungary) had an even more arduous
time, playing 24 games. With Janowski, Mason, Chigorin and Tarrasch — all
very tough opponents — he not only began with a draw but also the replays
were a draw, so it took him 8 games to score 2 points against them! His
other draw was against Mieses but he managed to win the return game with
Black to score three quarters of a point in this mini-match. Against the
other fourteen players in the tournament, he made 12 wins and 2 losses at
the first attempt, including the decisive win against Pillsbury. His
losses were to Gunsberg and Schlechter.
from At Monte Carlo Casino by Andre Castaigne.
Harper's Monthly Magazine Vol. CV, no. 629, 1902
One of the fascinating features of this tournament was that, despite it's
length, the ending proved quite exciting and uncertain. Marshall, who had
a strong start, was out of the running. Pillsbury, who had a mediocre
start, was leading at the end of round 17 with 12 pts, closely followed by
Maróczy with 11.5 pts. and Janowski with 11 pts. Then in the final
four rounds, Pillsbury seemed to run out of steam, scoring only 2½ pts. to
Janowski's 3 pts. and Maróczy's 3¼ pts.
-Pillsbury drew with Chigorin, beating him in the replay; drew with Marco;
lost to Chigorin in a replay; lost to Marco in a replay; beat Mortimer and
beat Marshall .
-Janowski beat Marco; lost to Mason; beat Marshall and beat Teichmann.
-Maroczy beat Albin; drew with Mieses and beat him in the replay; beat
Popiel and drew with Tarrasch in both the first game and the replay.
Here is a unverified and unsubstantiated PGN file containing 235 of the
games from Monte Carlo 1902
Below are eight games of interest
Frank Marshall-Mikhail Tschigorin
Marshall beats Tschgorin who played the Tschigorin
Georg Marco-Frank Marshall
Marshall manages an early material advantage but
gets totally out-maneuvered by Marco in this slugfest.
Frank Marshall-Heinrich Wolf
Marshall makes some incredible
oversights against a weaker opponent
Von Popiel-Georg Marco
Tim Krabbé called this the most famous
game of premature resignation. 36. ...Bg1 wins.
J. Mortimer-L. Eisenberg
Mortimer's only win
L. Eisenberg-H. N. Pillsbury
Eisenberg does the unthinkable, and
does it nicely
Arturo Reggio-Dr. Tarrasch
Tarrasch's a nice instructive miniature
against the Italian champion
H. N. Pillsbury-Dr. Tarrasch
Tarrasch lets Pillsbury open
the h-file and mate ensues out of the blue