Sarah's Chess Journal
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The History and The Culture of Chess
March 30, 2004
...though German born, [he was born in Blumberg, Germany on January 15th, 1833. His father, Dr. Carl Paulsen, taught him to play chess at 5 years old] was an unknown to European players in 1857 but had a good reputation in the Midwest U.S. as both a regular and blindfold chess player.
He had immigrated to Dubuque, Iowa in 1854 at age 21, along with one of his brothers, Ernest. In 1858, he established the Dubuque Chess Club, one of the oldest US chess clubs and one that's still in existence.
From the 1860's on, having moved to England (becoming a British citizen) in 1861, [He returned to Germany in 1860. In 1861 he visited England and came in first in the Bristol tournament ahead of Horwitz, Boden and Kolisch] he played in world class tournaments, some quite successfully. He was a strong match player.
Paulsen was a great theoretician who had several openings named after him, but more telling is that many people believe that Steinitz based his theories on positional play upon the ideas evident in Paulsen's games.
He died from diabetes in Germany, July 19th, 1891.
...was born in Nassengrund, Germany in 1831. She was Louis' sister. There were two other siblings, Wilfield and Ernest. She married Carl Lellmann and moved to New York.
The Book of The First American Chess Congress (pp.85-86) tells us:
Amalie Paulsen died in 1869.
A game between Amalie Paulsen and her brother, Wilfried.
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 f5 4. dxe5 fxe4 5. Ng5 d5 6. e6 Nh6 7. f3 Bc5 8.
a game between Louis Paulsen and Simon Winawer
[Event "Vienna it"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Qh4 5. Nb5 Bb4+ 6. c3 Bc5 7. Qe2 Bb6 8.
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