Thomas Avery was born in 1813 and died in 1894. He owned a business W. T. Avery, scale-makers, was Alderman of Birmingham from 1862-1892, and president of the Birmingham Chess Club.


J. S. Kipping - 1822-1899 - secretary of the Manchester Chess Club. In 1857 he was on the English team with Staunton and Boden that played a consultation game played in Manchester against Anderssen, Horwitz and Kling.

[Event "consultation game"]
[Site "Manchester England"]
[Date "1857.??.??"]
[White "Anderssen-Kling-Horowitz"]
[Black "Staunton-Kipping-Boden "]
[Result "1-0"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 g6 3. Be3 Bg7 4. Nd2 Ne7 5. Bd3 b6 6. Ne2 Bb7 7. O-O d6 8.
c3 Nd7 9. Qb3 O-O 10. f4 d5 11. e5 Rb8 12. Rac1 c5 13. Qa3 c4 14. Bc2 a6
15. g4 b5 16. Ng3 Re8 17. b4 cxb3 18. axb3 Rc8 19. Bd3 Qb6 20. Qb2 f6
21. Rce1 Qc6 22. Nb1 fxe5 23. fxe5 Bxe5
24. dxe5 Nxe5 25. Bc2 Rf8
{won. } 1-0


Lord Lyttelton - 4th Baron Lyttelton of Frankley, George William Lyttelton -  born in Westminster, London March 31,1817; died in Marylebone, London April 19,1876 - was considered  a fine scholar who earned his B.A. at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1838 where he played cricket. He did important work in educational and poor law reform. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies during Peel's last administration. He  was the brother-in-law of William Ewart Gladstone and married Mary Glynne with whom he had eight sons. He was president of the British Chess Association.


Charles Amédée Maurian - Paul Morphy's closest and life-long friend, was born on May 21, 1838. He learned chess in college from Morphy himself and continued to play against Morphy until near the end of Morphy's life at ever decreasing odds. While he never played in any organized tournaments,  he acquitted himself competently in even, casual games  against some of the greatest players of the era: Mackenzie, Steinitz, Tchigorin, Zuckertort and many others. After Morphy left for Europe in 1858, Maurian was the strongest player in the New Orleans Chess Club. From 1858-1860 he edited the chess column in the New Orleans Delta and from 1883 until moving to Paris in 1890 he co-edited the chess column in the Times-Democrat. He died on December 2, 1912.