As the Bubonic plague died away, leaving most of Europe's population depleted, scattered, shattered and in shambles, the black void of hopelessness was filled with the brightness of opportunity. This was no more evident than in Italy where the once feudal, semi-independent lands merged into strong city-states; where the once expendable citizens became valuable laborers, tradesmen, bankers, artists; where trade became not just expedient, but essential; where luxuries became as important as essentials; where education transcended it's rich/clerical station and became a norm for the masses; where the people found a value in living over and beyond the religious reasons and where people yearned for the new and the adventurous.

It's the new and the adventurous that concerns us. While the Renaissance kept one foot firmly planted in it's medieval culture, it's in the ways that it pulled free that in many ways revealed the glory of mankind in ways that Europe had long forgotten.

The progress accentuated by the Renaissance is most noticeable in art, music, science, philosophy and exploration.
There are so many places to find detailed information on each of these areas. The summation here will be just a compass hopefully pointing in the right directions.


The Italian Renaissance Art Project

Mark Harden's Artchive

Renaissance Art Links


The Digital Michelangelo

Renaissance and Baroque Architecture

Renaissance Architecture- Great Buildings Online

Ren. Architecture

Visit the Sistine Chapel

The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel


Wind Instruments of the Renaissance

List of Renaissance Composers

Renaissance Music (1450-1600)

About Renaissance Sacred Music

The Guitar - pre-1650

The Recorder Homepage

The History of the Lute


Institute and Museum of History of Science


The Art of Renaissance Science/Galileo

The Copernican System

Nicolaus Copernicus


The Galileo Project

16th and 17th Century Mathematicians

History of Mathematics Archive


The Early Modern/ The Italian Renaissance

Niccolo Machiavelli

John Locke

Johannes Kepler

Renaissance Philosophy

Renaissance Humanism

The Protestant Reformation

The Selected Works of Martin Luther


Renaissance Exploration and Trade

The Columbus Navigation Page

The Early Modern World

European Voyages of Exploration

The life and times of Henry Hudson

Mapping Early Modern Worlds

Sir Francis Drake

Vasco de Gama

John Cabot

A Fun Francis Drake Site


Exhibits Collection -- Renaissance

La Renaissance Web Museum

Virtual Renaissance

Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature

Literary Resources -- Renaissance