Philadelphia 1876




Results
 
Crosstable scores
Name   Edo    Dev.   Score  /  Games   
Mason, James    2529 (32) 12.5 / 16 
Judd, Max    2522 (42) 9.5 / 14 
Davidson, Harry    2499 (46) 9 / 16 
Bird, Henry    2533 (29) 8.5 / 14 
Elson, Jacob    2428 (43) 8 / 14 
Roberts, Albert    2384 (57) 5.5 / 14 
Ware, Preston    2303 (53) 4 / 14 
Barbour, Lorenzo    2327 (49) 2 / 14 
Martínez, Dión    2501 (39) 1 /
 
 
Match scores
Name   Edo    Dev.   Score  /  Games 
Elson, Jacob    2428 (43) 2 /
Davidson, Harry    2499 (46) 1 /
 

Event table notes

Event data
Name: 4th American Chess Congress
Place: Philadelphia
Start date: 16 Aug. 1876
End date: 31 Aug. 1876
 
Notes:
Gaige and Di Felice omit Martinez, who according to Reichhelm and the Westminster Papers retired, his games being cancelled. Only Di Felice and van Winsen, amongst the sources I have, mentions the play-off for 3rd, but Di Felice gives +1-1, while van Winsen gives +2-1 for Elson. Cree and La Grande Storia degli Scacchi give the score Davidson-Judd as 2-0; Gaige, Di Felice, Reichhelm, van Winsen and the Westminster Papers give it as 1.5-0.5. Feenstra Kuiper gives total scores including Martinez with a score of 1, but other scores consistent with Gaige and Di Felice (i.e. without the games against Martinez). The Illustrated London News gives total scores consistent with Gaige and Di Felice except, unaccountably, giving Elson's score as 6.5 instead of 8 (and here the names are badly garbled, too, which suggests that the report should not be trusted). CN 4358 cites the Chicago Tribune saying that the second Mason-Judd game was not played, and says it was recorded as a draw. But Spinrad says that Mason's win over Judd was played on the last day, their draw therefore being their first game. I have used the crosstable given by Reichhelm, including Martinez, and the play-off score given by van Winsen. La Grande Storia degli Scacchi gives starting date Aug. 15, 1876; Di Felice and van Winsen give Aug. 16; Gaige and Cree give Aug. 17. Spinrad (p.5) gives a game from the 1st round dated Aug. 16, so I take this to be the day that play started.
 
References
Books
   Di Felice, Chess Results, 1747-1900, page 62
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachturniere, page 25
   Gaige, Chess Tournament Crosstables I, page 19
   Gilberg, Fifth American Chess Congress, page 101
   Reichhelm and Shipley, Chess in Philadelphia, page 33, 142
   van Winsen, James Mason in America, page 52, 98, 163, 242
Periodicals
   [ILN], vol. 69, 9 Sep. 1876, page 255
   [ILN], vol. 69, 23 Sep. 1876, page 303
   [ILN], vol. 72, 12 Jan. 1878, page 47
   [WP], vol. 9, 1 Sep. 1876, page 87
   [WP], vol. 9, 2 Oct. 1876, page 102
Web
   Cree, Graeme.  [4th American Chess Congress] (broken)
   Sericano, C.  [Philadelphia 1876]
   Spinrad, Jeremy P.  [The Scandal of 1880, Part 2], page 1
   Winter, Edward.  [CN 4358. Unhealthy tournament]