Bird, Henry




Ratings

Year       Rank    Edo    Dev.   Games 
1847  41  2329 (64) 16
1848  39  2333 (60) 0
1849  50  2337 (51) 14
1850  42  2376 (47) 28
1851  43  2394 (42) 46
1852  36  2406 (55) 0
1853  39  2418 (62) 0
1854  28  2430 (64) 0
1855  24  2441 (63) 0
1856  20  2453 (58) 3
1857  21  2465 (51) 14
1858  25  2479 (50) 14
1859  16  2499 (51) 9
1860  16  2507 (54) 3
1861  17  2513 (55) 0
1862  18  2520 (51) 16
1863  17  2512 (56) 0
1864  14  2505 (56) 0
1865  15  2498 (51) 7
1866  16  2481 (46) 25
1867  22  2465 (54) 0
1868  30  2449 (56) 0
1869  35  2433 (52) 10
1870  32  2435 (55) 0
1871  32  2436 (52) 6
1872  27  2463 (48) 0
1873  21  2489 (33) 86
1874  20  2490 (37) 24
1875  20  2489 (37) 24
1876  16  2517 (28) 252
1877  11  2524 (41) 0
1878  12  2530 (38) 24
1879  12  2523 (40) 21
1880  13  2533 (40) 27
1881  14  2530 (42) 6
1882  21  2504 (34) 40
1883  28  2508 (31) 50
1884  31  2493 (38) 6
1885  30  2508 (31) 51
1886  30  2488 (30) 55
1887  43  2460 (34) 22
1888  44  2460 (30) 48
1889  30  2477 (25) 107
1890  32  2482 (30) 48
1891  46  2443 (35) 18
1892  71  2398 (33) 47
1893  116  2342 (38) 20
1894  111  2347 (44) 3
1895  98  2361 (40) 21
1896  152  2309 (43) 12
1897  143  2307 (46) 13
1898  153  2306 (52) 0
1899  155  2305 (49) 26

Rating table notes

Biographical data
Name: Bird, Henry Edward  
Born: 14 July 1829
Died: 11 Apr. 1908
 
Notes:
Reichhelm gives year of birth as 1831. Sergeant, Feenstra Kuiper, Gaige, Golombek, Hooper and Whyld, Forster, and Cornil give date of birth as 14-07-1830. Harding makes a convincing case that it was actually 14-07-1829, from baptismal records. Staunton gives his name as 'J.H.S. Bird' in the Mar. 1849 issue of the Chess Player's Chronicle (p.66), clearly an error.
 
References
Books
   Bird, Chess History and Reminiscences
   Cornil, Le Café de la Régence, page 8, 241
   Edgar, Liverpool Chess Club, page 7
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachturniere, page 11, 249, 300
   Feenstra Kuiper, 100 Jahre Schachzweikämpfe, page 65, 75, 122
   Fiske, First American Chess Congress, page 8, 29, 42
   Forster, Amos Burn, page 200, 954
   Gaige, Chess Personalia, page 39
   Gilberg, Fifth American Chess Congress, page 107
   Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia, page 29
   Harding, Eminent Victorian Chess Players, page 108, 315, 364
   Harding, Joseph Henry Blackburne, page 154, 466
   Harding, Steinitz in London, page 37, 79
Periodicals
   [BLL], 8 July 1849, page 5
   [CPC], vol. 9, no. 9, Sep. 1848, page 272
   [CPC], vol. 10, no. 3, Mar. 1849, page 66
   [CPC], vol. 10, no. 6, June 1849, page 174
   [WP], vol. 1, no. 10, Jan. 1869, page 110
Web
   Sarah.  [Paul Morphy's Contenders]
   Sericano, C.  [Maestri di scacchi dell'800]
   Spinrad, Jeremy P.  [Early World Rankings], page 7
   Winter, Edward.  [CN 5376. H.E. Bird in America]

Match data  (f=formal; c=casual; s=soft)

Buckle, H.T. - Bird, H.E. 1847         (c)     9   -   7      Buckle, H.T. gave odds of pawn and move
Medley, G.W. - Bird, H.E. 1849         (f)     7   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (1)         (s)     0   -   1      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Hughes, H. 1850 (2)         (s)     2   -   0      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Smith, C.F. 1850         (f)     10.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lowe, E. 1850         (f)     7   -   4
Kieseritzky, L.A.B.F. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     8   -   2
Horwitz, B. - Bird, H.E. 1851         (f)     9   -   5
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1851         (c)     9   -   9
Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K. 1856         (f)     2   -   1
Falkbeer, E.K. - Bird, H.E. 1857         (f)     7.5   -   6.5
Morphy, P.C. - Bird, H.E. 1858         (c)     10.5   -   1.5
Harrwitz, D. - Bird, H.E. 1859         (c)     2.5   -   2.5
Steinitz, W. - Bird, H.E. 1862         (c)     8   -   8
Bird, H.E. - Mackenzie, G.H. 1865         (c)     4   -   3
Anderssen (offhand) - Bird, H.E. 1866         (c)     1   -   0
Steinitz, W. - Bird, H.E. 1866         (f)     9.5   -   7.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (1)         (f)     7   -   7
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (2)         (f)     7.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Baucher, H. 1873         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1873 (3)         (f)     9.5   -   11.5
Bird, H.E. - Gossip, G.H.D. 1873         (c)     8   -   5
Bird, H.E. - Wisker, J. 1874         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Lord, J. 1874         (f)     7.5   -   2.5
Mackenzie, G.H. - Bird, H.E. 1875         (c)     2   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Rice, B.C. 1875         (c)     2   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Perdue 1875         (c)     3   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Alexander, J.F. 1875         (c)     3   -   2
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (1)         (f)     13   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (1)         (c)     20.5   -   19.5
Bird, H.E. - Barbour, L.D. 1876         (c)     6.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Davidson, H. (1) 1876         (c)     3   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, D.M. 1876         (c)     25   -   22
Bird, H.E. - Neill, B.M. 1876         (c)     0   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Roberts, A. 1876         (c)     1   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Ryan, J.S. 1876         (c)     6   -   1
Mason, Ja. - Bird, H.E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   21
Bird, H.E. - Alberoni, E. 1876 (2)         (c)     7   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Ensor, A.W. 1876         (c)     12   -   2
Jacobsen, J.L. - Bird, H.E. 1879         (c)     4.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1879         (f)     2.5   -   5.5
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1880         (f)     1.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, A.L. 1881         (f)     5.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Maczuski, A.L. 1882         (f)     7.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Skipworth, A.B. 1885         (f)     5   -   2
Bird, H.E. - Burn, A. 1886         (f)     9   -   9
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1886         (f)     6.5   -   2.5
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1887         (s)     2   -   1
Blackburne, J.H. - Bird, H.E. 1888         (f)     4   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H. 1889         (f)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Shipley, W.P. 1889         (f)     5.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Elson, J. 1889         (c)     0.5   -   0.5
Bird, H.E. - Martinez, C.S. 1889         (c)     6   -   6
Bird, H.E. - Newman, C.J. 1889         (c)     3   -   4
Bird, H.E. - Priester, A. 1889         (c)     4   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Robinson, A.K. 1889         (c)     5.5   -   4.5
Bird, H.E. - Young, J.W. (1) 1889         (c)     5   -   1
Gunsberg, I.A. - Bird, H.E. 1889         (f)     3   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1890         (f)     8.5   -   3.5
Bird, H.E. - Loman, R.J. 1892         (f)     4   -   2
Lasker, Em. - Bird, H.E. 1892         (f)     5   -   0
Bird, H.E. - Heywood, G.C. 1892 (1)         (f)     2   -   1
Bird, H.E. - Heywood, G.C. 1892 (2)         (f)     1.5   -   1.5      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
Bird, H.E. - Heywood, G.C. 1892 (3)         (f)     0.5   -   1.5      Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
Bird, H.E. - Jasnogrodsky, N. 1893         (f)     7.5   -   7.5
Lee, F.J. - Bird, H.E. 1897         (f)     8   -   5

Tournament data

London, England 1849     Ries' Divan tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Medley, G.W.     1 - 2    
London, England 1851 (1)     The International Chess Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Horwitz, B.     1.5 - 2.5    
Birmingham and London, England 1858     2nd British Chess Association Congress    
  Bird, H.E. - Brien, R.B.     1 - 1    
London, England 1859 (2)     Purssell's Chess Rooms Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Falkbeer, E.K.     1.5 - 2.5    
London, England 1860 (2)     St. James's Club Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Burden, F.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Puller, A.G.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Lowenthal, J.J.     0 - 1    
London, England 1866 (1)     1st British Chess Association Challenge Cup     1  /  7
London, England 1869 (3)     2nd British Chess Association Challenge Cup     4  /  10
London, England 1871 (1)     City of London Club Handicap - Section 1    
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and move
  Bird, H.E. - Parr, G.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Vienna 1873     Vienna International Tournament     14.5  /  24
London, England 1874 (4)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - de Vere, C.V.     1 - 2    
  Bird, H.E. - Pfahl, J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
London, England 1874 (9)     City of London Club - Bermondsey Club Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Watts, J.J.     0 - 1          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
London, England 1875 (7)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heinke (2)     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
  Bird, H.E. - Huckvale, J.A.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Eschwege, H.     2.5 - 1.5          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Stow, A.T.     0 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a knight
Glasgow 1875 (3)     6th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Blackburne, J.H.     0 - 1    
New York 1876 (1)     Cafe International Tournament     20.5  /  28
Philadelphia 1876     4th American Chess Congress     8.5  /  14
New York 1876 (2)     Clipper Tournament     15  /  17
Paris 1878     Paris International Chess Congress     13  /  22
  Bird, H.E. - Mackenzie, G.H.     0 - 2    
London, England 1879 (1)     Lowenthal Tourney, 1st Class     2  /  3
London, England 1879 (2)     City of London Club Handicap    
  Bird, H.E. - Heppell, J.T.     1 - 2          Bird, H.E. gave odds of a rook
Wiesbaden 1880 (1)     Wiesbaden Meisterturnier     9  /  15
Gouda 1880     8th Netherland Chess Federation Tourney     9.5  /  10
Vienna 1882 (2)     Vienna International Tournament     11  /  28
London, England 1883 (5)     London Tournament     14.5  /  32
Nuremberg 1883 (5)     3rd German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     10.5  /  18
Bath 1884 (2)     14th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division 1     3.5  /  6
London, England 1885 (9)     British Chess Association Tournament     12  /  15
Hamburg 1885 (6)     4th German Chess Federation Congress - Meisterturnier     8  /  17
Hereford 1885 (7)     15th Counties Chess Association Meeting - Master Tournament     7.5  /  10
  Bird, H.E. - Schallopp, E.     1 - 1    
London, England 1886 (2)     British Chess Club Master Tourney     5  /  7
London, England 1886 (5)     2nd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tourney     2.5  /  12
Nottingham 1886 (7)     Counties Chess Association - International Masters' Tournament     5.5  /  9
Stamford 1887 (1)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Class I, Division I     3  /  6
Stamford 1887 (3)     Counties Chess Association Meeting - Handicap Tournament    
  Bird, H.E. - Wilson, Jos.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Thorold, Ms. E.M.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of pawn and two moves
  Bird, H.E. - Mills, D.Y.     1 - 0          Bird, H.E. gave odds of the move
  Bird, H.E. - Pollock, W.H.K.     1 - 0    
London, England 1887 (4)     3rd British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     3  /  9
London, England 1888 (3)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     12  /  16
London, England 1888 (4)     British Chess Club Handicap     9.5  /  13
Bradford 1888 (1)     British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     7  /  16
London, England 1889 (1)     Simpson's Divan Handicap Tournament     10.5  /  14
New York 1889 (2)     6th American Chess Congress     18  /  39
London, England 1889 (5)     5th British Chess Association Tournament     7.5  /  10
London, England 1890 (4)     Simpson's Divan Handicap     13  /  17
Manchester 1890 (1)     6th British Chess Association Tournament - Master Section     12  /  19
London, England 1891 (7)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney - Summer     6  /  9
London, England 1891 (8)     Simpson's Divan Level Tourney     6.5  /  9
London, England 1892 (4)     7th British Chess Association Congress - Master Tournament     6.5  /  11
London, England 1892 (5)     British Chess Club Invitational Tournament     1  /  8
Belfast 1892 (1)     North of Ireland Congress     5  /  9
London, England 1893 (1)     Black and White Tourney     0.5  /  5
London, England 1894 (3)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     1.5  /  3
Hastings 1895 (7)     Hastings International Congress - Master's Tournament     9  /  21
London, England and New York 1896     1st Anglo-American Cable Match    
  Bird, H.E. - Burille, C.F.     0 - 1    
London, England 1896 (6)     Simpson's Divan Tournament     4  /  11
London, England 1899 (3)     London Major Tournament     6  /  26


Player information updated: 22 Jul. 2022