Arnold, Alexander B., M.D.
||A rather minor amateur Morphy
defeated in Baltimore, November 1859. However Dr. A .B. Arnold was a
moderately celebrated physician. He was
born near Stuttgart, Germany, in 1820. His family emigrated to the US and
his father, James Arnold, was a merchant, first in PA and later in
Baltimore. Arnold was licensed to practice medicine in 1848 having studied
first at the College of Mercersburg, PA,
Pennsylvania University and finally at the College of Physicians and
Surgeons. He practiced medicine (and played chess) in Baltimore until 1888.
In 1875 he was appointed Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System for the
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore and was chosen as
president of the section of general medicine of the Ninth International
Medical Congress, Washington, DC in 1887. He published a treatise,
Diseases of the Nervous System. Around 1890 he moved to San Francisco
taking a position on the staff of the San Francisco Polyclinic.
||born in Nantes, 1830; one of
Morphy's most ardent admirers and most frequent opponents in Europe (the
usually accepted record showing the score: Morphy 18, Rivière 6, drawn 2 -
though Rivière himself, La Strategie, November 1880, claimed five
wins against Morphy's 10); his most notable achievement later was the defeat
of Tchigorin, 1885 (5-4-1); a prolific chess-writer and editor; died 1905.
||Thomas Avery was born in
Birmingham, where he spent nearly al his life, in 1813 and died in 1894. He
owned a business W. and T. Avery, scale-makers, was Alderman of
Birmingham from 1862-1892, and president of the Birmingham Chess Club; for
nearly 50 years was a tower of strength to Birmingham and Midland chess;
drew not only with Morphy, but also with Staunton and Steinitz during their
visits to Birmingham.
|Barnes, Thomas Wilson
||According to Philip W. Sergeant:
Thomas Wilson Barnes, born in
1825; for a long time one of the strongest members of St. George's Club; had
the best record of any English player against Morphy, there being 8 wins to
his credit against 19 losses; 7th London 1862, next to Steinitz and above
the young Blackburne. He died in 1874.
According to David Lawson:
informal match: Morphy 19-
Blindfold simul at St. George's Club on April 20, 1859 - Morphy 1/2 - Barnes
Simul at St. Jame's Club on April 26, 1859 Morphy 0 - Barnes 1
|Bird, H. E.
||born in London, 1830; an
international tournament player from 1851 to 1899 and one of the most
prominent figures in London chess circles for the greater part of that time;
scored 6-7-6 before resigning a match against Steinitz, 1867; a voluminous
and amusing writer on the game. Bird died in 1908.
Boden, Samuel Standidge
||born in Hull, 1826; considered by
Morphy the strongest of his English opponents and by Steinitz as probably
the strongest player Morphy met outside of his matches; 2nd prizes
Manchester 1857 and Bristol 1861; chess editor of the Field, 1858-73.
He died in 1882
Bonford, P. E.
||very likely Pierre Emile
Bonford, Louisiana Associate Supreme Court Justice; born in 1820 and was a delegate from the Orleans parish of New Orleans, voting
for secession. He married Viginian L. Thompson on 1/25/1847; was an attorney
for the firm Bonford & Finney located upstairs at 89 Gravier; from 1855-1859, served on the Board of Administrators of
Tulane University. He served as aide-de-camp in the Confederate Army for
Gen. R. Taylor with the rank of Lt. from 3/31/62 - 3/1/64 . And he
was also a member of the N. O. Chess and Whist Club. He died in Alexandria
Brunswick, Charles, Duke of
Probably Paul Capdevielle 1844-1922. Mayor
of New Orleans, 1900-1904
pointed out that, if this opponent, this Paul Capdevielle, is the
same Paul Capdevielle shown above, he also took part in a Morphy blindfold
simul when he [Capdevielle] was only 13.
No other Paul Capdevielle shows up in the New Orleans birth or death records.
||Secretary of Lexington Chess
Club; part-founder of the Birmingham Chess Club.
According to the
BSHM (The British Society for the History of Mathematics)
"George Shoobridge Carr (1837-??),
author of A synopsis of elementary results in pure and applied
mathematics (1880 & 1886), was a private tutor in London and decided
to get further education. He entered Caius in 1875, receiving his BA in 1880
and MA in 1883(?).
|Cattley, H. G.
||one of the regular frequenters of
the Café de la Régence , and a chess player for 60 years; played much with
La Bourdonnais at Rook odds; one of the Paris correspondence team vs.
London, 1834-36. Died at age 90 in 1873.
||George Nelson Cheney, problemist
from New York. Died at First Manassass
||Richard (Dawson), 3rd Baron
Cremorne of Castle Dawson, Ireland; born in 1817; succeeded his father in
1827; created Earl of Dartrey in 1866; Lord Cremorne was president of the
St. George's Chess Club. He died in 1897.
According to the 1897 edition of American Ches Magazine: "Lord Cremorne,
Earl of Dartrey, born in 1817, was for many years connected with St.
George's Chess Club, and was, in fact, the president of the club up to the
time of his death. He was above the average as a player, especially in his
younger days, when, as Lord Cremorne, he at different times played with
nearly all the great masters, including Morphy, Kolisch and Steinitz. With
Blackburne he played only two games, on level terms, of which he won one and
lost one. During the great London tournament of 1883 Lord Dartrey
entertained a number of the competitors at dinner at his home in Curzon
Street, Mayfair. His death will be generally regretted by all chess players
who had the pleasure and honor of the late earl's acquaintance."
||born in Evreaux in 1806;
part-conductor, in turn, of Le Palemède, La Régence, La
Nouvelle Régence, and La Stratègie;
prolific writer on chess matters not only in France but in England and the
U. S.; He died in 1883. A caution must be given that not all of Delannoy's
amusing reminiscences of Morphy can be treated as history. See B. C. M. vol.
1, where Mr. John Watkinson demolishes some of them.
|Devinck, François Charles
||born in 1801; a successful
chocolate-maker; many times president of the Paris Chamber of Commerce;
Deputy; died in 1878; the last survivor of the group watching the
Staunton-St. Amant match in the picture published in 1844. A keen chess
player, he is said to have ranked both La Bourdonnais and Deschapelles
higher than Morphy.
||born in Strassburg, 1786; a well
known frequenter of the Régence.died in 1876; is known to have given Morphy
a dinner in March, 1859.
|F. de l'A.
||According to Sergeant's
Morphy's Games of Chess, F de l'A consulted with
Saint-Amant in a game against Morphy in Paris, November 1858
Later, in Morphy Gleanings, Sergeant wrote:
"P. 150, Game LXXX. 'Bell's Life in London'
gives initials of St. Amant's partner as 'M.F.de B' "
Edge relates Mophy's
association with la Baronne F. de L., "A Creole, from the French West
Indies...This lady, who has long ranked as one of the great beauties of
Parisian society, is renowned as a patroness of the arts. Her friendship for
the lamented Pradier has passed into history, and her salons" are the
weekly resort of the most celebrated sculptors, painters, and authors of
France....She would get Morphy opposite her, and St. Amant or Lequesne by
her side to stop her when she was about making too serious a mistake, and
would play game after game, making us all laugh the whole time with her
charming anecdotes and jeux d'esprit."
Edge also credits la Baronne with Saint Amant's comeback against Staunton
in the 1843 match. He wrote ".... she had no easy task instilling courage
into her countryman..."
|Fiske, Daniel Willard
||born in 1833 and died in 1904. He
was a strong chess player who helped organize the First American Chess
Congress. He was a Scandinavian scholar by profession, educated at Upsala
and Copenhagen but was also editor of the Chess Monthly while Morphy worked
as co-editor. He wrote several books about chess with insights into Morphy.
His letters to Morphy, Maurian and to others concerning Morphy are also
|Forde, Dr. A.
|Freeman, Dr. Jabez
||Secretary of the Birmingham Chess
|Fuller, William James
(W. J. A.)
||Chess editor of Frank Leslie's
Illustrated Newspaper, born in London in 1822
||born in Logrono, Spain in 1841;
7th prize, Paris, 1867; settled in Cuba definitely in 1868 and did much for
chess on the island; lost a match to Blackburne (3-5-2) in 1891; died in
||a well known London player,
several of whose games can be found in the Chess Player's Chronicles.
||one of the strongest Paris
amateurs; died in 1878.
||A Boston player, once New England
|Hampton, T. I.
||Thomas Inglis Hampton, secretary
of St. George's Club, 1856-75; treasurer of B. C. A.; died in Dover 1875 at
|Hay, Lord Arthur
||born in 1824; entered the army in
1841, served through Sutej and Crimean campaigns and retired with the rank
of Colonel in 1860; in 1876 he became the 9th Marquessof Tweeddale in
succession to his father; president of the Royal Zoological Society and a
well-known ornithologist, he died in 1878.
|Isouard de Vauvenargue
Janssens, Franciscus G. (likely)
|born in 1822 in Belgium -
died on Dec. 12, 1881
|Jefferson, B. T.
|Jones, J. P.
||born in 1821; a well known
frequenter of the Régence; edited in succession, La Régence, La Nouvelle
Régence, Le Palemède and Le Sphinx, and (for over 20 years) the Monde Illustré column; he died in 1882
||born in France in 1806; settled in
N. Y. in 1845; in 1852 founded the St. Denis Hotel, Broadway, a popular
chess resort; known both as a player and a problem-composer; died in 1868
Kennedy, Capt. H. A.
||born in 1809; Vice-president of
the B. C. A. and official of various chess clubs, Brighton, Bristol, etc.;
contributor to chess magazines (in a light vein) and to Punch; he
died in 1874
|Kipping, J. S.
J. S. Kipping - 1822-1899 - secretary of the Manchester
Chess Club. In 1857 he was on the English team with Staunton and Boden that
played a consultation game played in Manchester against Anderssen, Horwitz
|La Roche, Dr. H.
||celebrated sculptor; born in Paris
in 1815; his bust of Morphy is reproduced in both Préti's and Maroczy's
books on Morphy.
|Lewis, Dr. Samuel
||born in Königsberg, Prussia, 1829;
moved to New York in his early years. He was president of the New York Chess
Club in 1858. He died 1874
Löwenthal, Johann Jakob
||4th Baron Lyttelton of
Frankley, George William Lyttelton - born in Westminster, London March
31,1817; died in Marylebone, London April 19,1876 - was considered a fine
scholar who earned his B.A. at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1838 where he
played cricket. He did important work in educational and poor law reform. He
was Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies during Peel's last
administration. He was the brother-in-law of William Ewart Gladstone and
married Mary Glynne with whom he had eight sons. He was president of the
British Chess Association.
||born in Louisiana 1829; described
in the New Orleans Times Democrat in 1884 as "that veteran of New Orleans,
indeed Southern chess"; died in 1894.
||born in 1815; died in 1875 -
helped found the chess periodical, The Chess Palladium and Mathematical Sphinx in 1846 and
Wrote a book entitled, Marache's Manual of Chess in 1866.
Was the chess editor of Wilkes' Spirit of the Times.
||Paul Morphy's closest and
life-long friend, was born on May 21, 1838. He learned chess in college from
Morphy himself and continued to play against Morphy until near the end of
Morphy's life at ever decreasing odds. While he never played in any
organized tournaments, he acquitted himself competently in even, casual
games against some of the greatest players of the era: Mackenzie, Steinitz,
Tchigorin, Zuckertort and many others. After Morphy left for Europe in 1858,
Maurian was the strongest player in the New Orleans Chess Club. From
1858-1860 he edited the chess column in the New Orleans Delta and
from 1883 until moving to Paris in 1890 he co-edited the chess column in the
Times-Democrat. He died on December 2, 1912.
|Mead, Colonel Charles Dillingham
||born in New York, 1814; President
of the New York Chess Club; died in 1876.
||secretary of the London Chess
Club; for some years Honorary Secretary of B. C. A.; died Dec., 1898.
Medley deserves great credit as the principal mover in the introduction of a
time-limit for chess.
|Meek, Judge A. B.
||President of the American Chess
Congress (whom Morphy won six games against in 1854 at age 17)
According to Sergeant: Otto
E. Michaelis was born in Germany on August 3, 1843. He took first prize at
Franklin, Chess Club in Philadelphia, 1884. He served as a Major in the U.S.
Army and, in a letter from the U.S. War Department to N. T. Whitaker, his
first name is given as Otho.
He played apparently four games with Morphy when he was 16 . Two of
the scores have survived. Of these, he won 1. He lost both of the missing
||a Philadelphia lawyer and
member of the Philadelphia Chess Club. Born September 25, 1834, one
of eight children of John Crathorne Montgomery and Elizabeth Henrietta Phillips;
died January 22, 1870.
||Paul Morphy's father
||Paul Morphy's uncle
|Napoleon de Santos, Arthur
Arthur Napoleao dos
Santos (1843-1925) a celebrated Brazilian pianist
living in America. A fine problemist and a collector of chess literature,
leaving a rather large library when he died.
|Owen, Rev. John (Alter)
||born in Shaffordshire in 1827;
educated at Repton and Trintity, Cambridge; ordained 1851; vicar of Hooton,
Cheshire, 1862-1900; died 1901.
||arrived from Germany in 1854 along
with his older brother Wilfried and worked as a tobacco broker. He was a
relatively unknown player at the time of the Congress but won second place,
gave several blindfold demonstrations, and although having publicly
proclaimed that he would in fact win the tournament, afterwards praised
Morphy's skills as such he considered Morphy's challenge to play any
American at odds of a pawn and a move reasonable, even against himself.
Paulsen later became one of the strongest player's in the world and a
leading theorist. He won second place in London, 1862 and first place at
Leipzig, 1877. He also won two matches against Adolph Anderssen between 1876
||secretary of the N.Y. Chess Club.
Born in London in 1816. Of Swiss ancestry, he moved to the U.S. in 1845. He
died in 1889.
||Edward Pindar, champion of the
Manchester (England) Chess Club
|Préti, Jean Louis
||born in Mantua 1798; went to
Bordeaux 1826, to escape Austrian rule, and, being an expert flute player,
became a musical professor at the Royal College there.; abandoned musical
teaching through ill-health, and moved to Paris 1844; took to chess
professionally; 1st, Régence tournament 1862; founded La Stratégie in
1867 and edited it until his death in 1881.
|Raphael, Dr. B. I.
||born in Virginia in 1818, played
as a representative of Kentucky, died in 1880.
||born in Leeds in 1814; member of
the Leeds Chess Club 1834-1898; acquainted with Buckle, Walker, Staunton, St.
Amant, etc.; died in 1898.
|Richardson, Dr. Horace
||born in France but settled in New
Orleans where he had a reputation of being a very strong player. In Paris he
is said to have lost by a very small balance only in over 100 games with
Kieseritzky. Later, in 1867, he competed in the Paris tournament but took
last place though winning games against Winawer and Rivière.
Saint-Amant, Pierre Charles
|St. Leon, Chevalier
|Salmon, Rev. George
||born in Dublin in 1819;
mathematical gold medalist and Fellow of Trinity College; D. D. 1859;
Provost 1888; early reputed the strongest player in Ireland, but made few
public appearances; knocked out by Owen in the 2nd round, Birmingham 1858;
died in 1904.
|Schulten, John W.
||an American but a constant visitor
to Paris and well known at the Régence where he played La Bourdonnais, St.
Amant and all the experts; retired to Berlin 1872 and died in 1875.
||born in 1809; died in 1887.
|Sicre, Jose Maria
||born in 1802; in his youth so fine
a player that in the opinion of his friend, George Walker, he would have been
stronger than Staunton had not ill-health made him give up serious play;
Chairman of the Stock Exchange; died 1892. [Sergeant]
Slous wrote Stray
Leaves from the Scrape-Book of an Awkward Man published first in 1844,
revised and reprinted in 1881. According to
An entertaining miscellany of verse, sketches and fiction from this man
of letters who was president of the London Stock Exchange and (for a time)
one of England's best chess players. The verses here include an account in
heroic couplets of a chess game by Gioachino Greco (the seventeen moves
are given in the footnotes--the game appears to this inexpert cataloguer a
variation on the Giuoco Piano), as well as bald prose account of two
postal chess games played between 1847 and 1849. Slous ranges beyond chess
over such subjects as glaciers, at least one proto-detective story, and a
supernatural story (first published in 1860 in Once a Week) that
involves a wager in a cribbage game against a fiend.
Stanley, Charles Henry
||a strong American player;
organized and participated in and won the first US championship, Stanley vs.
Rousseau in 1845 with $1,000 purse. He was the creator of the first American
chess column in THE SPIRIT OF THE TIMES, NY(1845); the first US chess
publication, "AMERICAN CHESS MAGAZINE"(1846); published the 1st US book on a
chess match, "31 GAMES OF CHESS" in 1846. His wife named their daughter
Pauline after Paul Morphy
|Thomas, W. G.
||born in 1808 an Englishman,
emigrated to the US in 1815. In his two visits to Europe in 1840 and 1850,
he played about 100 games, winning the majority. He owned a restaurant in
N.Y., the Epicures, and also helped advertise the
tournament. He felt he was superior to Saint-Amant and equal to Morphy. He was
probably neither. Thompson often tried to win his games through intimidation
both with unsound combinations and with verbal disparagements. He was
considered an expert on the Evans Gambit.
|Tilghman, B. C.
Ware, G. P.
Preston Ware, Jr. -born, Aug 12, 1821 in Wrentham, MA - died, Jan. 29, 1890 in Boston. MA
Invented the Ware Gambit and, along with Henry Nathan Stone, the Stone-Ware
Was one-time president of the American Chess Foundation and played in the US
Championship tournament (the 5th American Chess Congress of 1880)
were he admitted accepting a $20 bribe to draw a game with James
||Honorary Secretary B. C. A. and
one of the organizers of the Birmingham Meeting.
||British Commissioner in Mexico (1807-1878);
his wife, Mrs. Harriet Jona Worrall (1836–1928) was also a
Worrall first encountered Morphy in New Orleans, 1858, when he
appeared as a strong player from Mexico; Morphy then conceded him odds of
Queen's Knight, as he did also during his second visit to London.